TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE i
APPROVAL PAGE ii
TABLES OF CONTENTS vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study 1
Statement of the problem 4
Significance of Study 6
Purpose of Study 7
Scope of the Study 7
Research Question 8
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Conceptual Framework 9
Theoretical Framework 10
Empirical Studies 10
Summary of Literature Review 10
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Design 37
Area of Study 37
Population of Study 38
Sample and Sampling Techniques 38
Instrument for Data Collection 38
Validation and Reliability of Instrument 39
Administration of Data 39
Method Data Analysis 40
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS DATA
Research Question one 41
Research Question two 43
Research Question three 46
Discussion of Finds Conclusions, Recommendation,
Educational Implication, limitations, Suggestion for Further Studies
and Summary 48
Discuss of Findings 48
Limitation of the Study 53
Suggestions for further study 54
Background of the study
Education has been considered to be the cornerstone for development. According to Federal Republic of Nigeria (2010). Education forms the basis for literacy, skills acquisition ability, teaching achievement and ability to harness human and material resources towards the achievement of societal goals. In Nigeria today there is high demand for education because of this effective contributionsin the overall development.
Subsequently, many subjects are studied at different levels of institution in Nigeria towards realizing the goal of education. Economics is one of the subjects offered in post primary school. It is important to both students and society because it cuts across all spheres of human endeavour. It is a subject concerned with the effective utilization or management of limited resources, for the purpose of attaining the maximum satisfaction of human wants.
Achala (2014) states that Economics is associated with scarcity and choice. He defines Economics as social science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses. This means that economic as a science which helps man to understand and manage his scarce resources, in order to meet his numerous needs.
Economics education in senior secondary school is expected to equip the students with fundamental area of intellectual training, vocational skills, cultures, values, citizenship, training tools for the analysis of situation and natural interest for developments. But the optimal achievement on the above goals, or objectives, depends on the appropriate application of instructional material.
Instructional materials are device that help in the effective teaching and leaving and help the teacher to achieve his or her specific objectives. Instructional materials are significant teaching and learning tools which helps the students to comprehend, retain and apply the knowledge acquired to attain the educational objectives. It is essential materials needed for teaching and learning of school subjects to promote teachers efficiency and improve students’ performance.
It also make learning more vivid, logical, realistic and pragmatic. Economics deals with concept and abstract ideas, the use of appropriate instructional materials go a long way to up-grade the learning experience and facilitates understanding. On the contrary non-use or inappropriate use of instructional materials is capable of jeopardizing the entire instructional objectives.
Achala (2014), states that economic teaching need concrete objects when teaching, for example if a topic like money is to be taught, the teacher needs to show the students the currency ,both notes and coins and their demonstration, in order to retain the topic in their memory.
This chapter discussed related literature’s under the following sub- heading Conceptual framework, Theoretical framework, Empirical studies, Summary of literature review.
- Concept of education.
- The concept of Economics.
- Concept of instructional materials.
- Teaching and learning of Economics.
- Teaching and learning with technology.
- Classification/types of instructional materials.
(visual resources, audio resources and audio usual resources
- Criteria for selecting instructional materials for teaching and learning of Economics.
- The importance of instructional material used in teaching and learning of Economic.
- Problems associated with the instructional materials used in teaching and learning of Economics.
Theoretical Frame Work
- cognitive learning theory
- Motivational theory
Summary of Literature Review
CONCEPT OF EDUCATION
The concept of education is a controversial concept just like every other concept of humanities and social sciences. This means that education has many definitions depending on the context of a phrase, sentences or story. Just as we have many educationist, so also we have many definitions of education.
According to Nwigwe (2013), education in its technical sense is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another. He further stated that education is the process of imparting and acquiring knowledge and training, to grow ones intellectual and mental capabilities so as to make mature decision in different situation.
Paralkimili (2012), Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquired knowledge, experience and sound attitude. According to him, the goal of education is to make an individual perfect.