The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of Pidgin English on student English language writing skills in Ebonyi State University. The Study adopted the survey research method using self-administered questionnaire. The data gathered from the questionnaire revealed that Pidgin English is spoken widely among the students. The negative influence of Nigerian Pidgin on the use of English language by our respondent requires urgent and concerted effort to help the situation. The samples used for the study were 100 students.






Title page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Certification                                                                                iii

Dedication                                                                                 iv

Acknowledgement                                                                      v

Table of contents                                                                                vi

Abstract                                                                                     vii



Background of Study                                                                  1

Statement of the Problem                                                            5

Purpose of the Study                                                                  5

Significance                                                                               6

Scope                                                                                        7

Research                                                                                   7


LITERATURE REVIEW                                                                  8

English Language in Nigeria                                                         8

Concept of Pidgin                                                                       12

Concept of essay                                                                        14

Theoretical Framework                                                                16

Empirical Studies                                                                                         17

Summary of Literature Review                                                                      19

CHAPTER THREE                                                                                         20


Research design                                                                                          20

Area of Study                                                                                               20

Population of Study                                                                                      20

Sampling Technique                                                                                     21

Instrument of Data Collect                                                                           21

Validation of the Instrument                                                                         21

Method of Data collection                                                                             21

Method of data Analysis                                                                                22


DATA PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDING                                   23


DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS                                                                   26

Implication of the Study                                                                         27

Recommendation                                                                                28

Limitation of Study                                                                      29

Suggestion for Further Study                                                               29

Summary                                                                                   30

References                                                                                31

Appendix I                                                                                 33

Appendix II                                                                                        34





1.1     Background of study

According to (Akwanya, 2010), language has often been identified as the most unique attribute of man and without language, there is no society. Language does not only bring meanings to the world, it also shape one’s cognitive process. Such as perception, interpretation and judgment. Also according to William (1992) he agrees that language embodies the spirit of people who speak it also that grammatical forms have influence on the development of ideas.

Although English language is the country’s official language, it is also a second language because Nigerians already had their first language that is their mother tongue (li) before the invasion of the foreign language “English language” into the country. English language did not come to Nigeria on its own. Its movement into Nigeria was caused by a lot of factors like trading, slavery colonization and missionary activities and this also led to the existence of pidgin language23 that is rampart all over the world but mainly in Nigeria.

The origins of Pidgin English

Pidgin English or broken English (as it is called) originated during the slave trade era as a means of communication between the Europeans and the Africans. It was the language used in their business transaction in the seventeenth century. It is a continuous series of English Pidgins and creoles spoken by other West-African countries such as Cameroon, Sierra Leone and Ghana.

In the 19th century, undocumented laborers from China, Portugal, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, and many other nations were brought to work on plantations, alongside Hawaiians that were owned and operated by Caucasian North Americans. Pidgin Hawaiian was the first Pidgin to develop on plantation in the 19th century




This chapter discusses previous works that are related to this work. It is arranged into the following headings:

  • Conceptual framework
  • English language in Nigeria
  • Concept of Pidgin
  • Concept of Essay writing
  • Theoretical framework
  • Empirical studies
  • Summary of literature Review

          Conceptual Framework

2.2     English Language in Nigeria

The ascendency of English language in Nigeria, according to Babatunde (2001) was gradual. The proportion of English language in Nigeria was enhanced in 1882 when it became the medium for training the much needed manpower to entrench colonial domination quoted in Babatunde (2001) connote that: English became a sine qua non. In quick succession, the education ordinance and codes of 1882, 1896, 1918 and 1926 were enacted with a view of promoting the new language for general internal use. According to him, section 10, subsection of the education ordinance of 1882 reads: that the objects of teaching shall be the reading and writing of English language. The grammar of English language may be taught as class subjects.

The amended education ordinance of 1882 provided for capital grants as incentives to teachers for the number of pupils who passed an inspects of school administered ‘examination in reading and writing as the English language. English language was prolonged in Nigeria when the colonial authority demanded fluency and consistency in English language as a major requirement to secure white collar jobs. The British colonial administration then and the British council presently aimed at the survival of English language in Nigeria. According to Bowers in Babatunde (2001) the council has the central goal of promoting the language. Presently, the British council does this through many programs such as opening up ‘of libraries, English language teaching centers and communication skills project for promoting English language in common wealth countries. The provision of national policy on education, 1981 and the federal constitution of 1979 with that of 1994 perpetuated the use of English language remains a part of the school curriculum both as a school subject and as the sole medium of instruction.

According to Adekunle, (1985) it is now a modern Nigerians artifact, Wardhaugh (1986) observes: English serves today as a lingua franca in many parts of the world: for some speakers, it is a native language, for others a second language.







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