TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page —————————————————————————i
Table of Content——————————————————————–vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of study —————————————————————–1
Statement of problem ————————————————————– 8
Significant of the Study. ————————————————————-9
Purpose of Study ——————————————————————–10
Scope of the Study ———~——————————————————-11
Research question ————————————————————————12
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Conceptual framework ————————————————————-13
Theoretic rationale ————————————————————–33
Empirical framework ———————————.—————————-37
Summary of the Literature Review ——————————————————41
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
Research Methodology —————————————————————– –43
Research Design ————————————————————————-43
Area of the Study ————————————————————————– 43
Sampling Techniques ——————————————————————– 44
Sample size —————————————————————————– 45
Instrument for Data Collection———————————————————–45
Validity of the instrument: ————————————————————–46
Reliability of the instrument ———————————————————— 46
Method of Data Analysis ————————————————————— 47
CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND RESULT
Analysis of Data and ResuIt ————————————————————48
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSIQN OF RESULT, RECOMMENDATION
Discussion of Result ———————————————————————-52
Education Implication ——————————————————————–54
Limitation of the study —————————————————————57
Suggestion for study —————————————————————-58
Background to the Study
Undoubtedly, education is the key to economic and technological advancement, a means of alleviating poverty among the populace as well as ameliorating their lifestyles. In recognition of this, the federal Government of Nigeria has through its national Policy on Education in 1977, 1981, 1998 (and revised in2004) spelt out how education can be utilized to bring about the necessary transformation.
Admittedly, secondary schools which is the foundation of the educational system is expected to produce graduates who should be able to maintain high and sensitive position so that the laudable objectives can be realized. Sadly enough, in recent time the products of this citadel of learning can no longer compete favourable with their counterparts from other parts of the world. The reason for this is not farfetched. It is simple that the quality of education has fallen. To explain this point, (Esu in Mba 2018) opined that there is a near national outcry on the poor quality of Education in Nigeria especially in Enugu east local government area . Also, commenting on this, it is noted that the scripts of some students in external exams like WAEC were unreadable and far beyond comprehension because some students find it difficult to take notes during teacher and also many are unable to have a firm grasp of material taught even after repeated explanations by the teacher.
Education is the key to development and it has the capacity to upgrade teaching effectiveness as well as learning efficiency among learners. Efforts by have being made by school administrators to improve the performance of Public secondary school students. The school environment, which include the classrooms, libraries, technical workshops, laboratories, teachers’ quality, school management, teaching methods, peers, etc are variables that affect students’ academic achievement (Ajayi, and Oluchukwu, in Mba 2018). Hence, the school environment remains an important area that has to studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The related literature was reviewed under the three sub: The conceptual framework, the theoretical rationale, empirical studies and the summary of the related literature as stated
- CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
The concept of Education.
Academic performance of students
Factors militating against academic performance of the students
Solution to poor academic performance of students
- THEORETICAL RATIONALE
The general system theory
- EMPIRICAL STUDIES
- THE SUMMARY OF THE RELATED LITERATURE
In order to indicate clearly the objectives of this work, it will be very useful to define some of the keywords found in this thesis and review of previous works related to the study.
The concept of education
Education is the process of Initiating and preparing human through training. Okoye (2018) defined education as a process of teaching or training and learning in a school or college to improve knowledge and development skills. Mlozi et al (2013) defines education as a process of learning, how to make decision that consider the long term future of the economy. Education gives us a knowledge of the world around us and changes it into something better. It develops in us a perspective of looking at life. It helps us build opinions and have points of view on things in life. Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy. Education is commonly divided formally into two types formal and informal education
Formal education occurs in a structured environment whose explicit purpose is teaching students. Usually, formal education takes place in a school environment with classrooms of multiple students learning together with a trained, certified teacher of the subject. Most school systems are designed around a set of values or ideals that govern all educational choices in that system.
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