Mental illness has been recognized in people dating back to days of Ancient Greece and
Rome. A number of disturbances that were described included feelings of melancholy,
hysteria and phobias. The concept that mental illness must be related to biology was
first considered by Hippocrates. While at this time serious conditions such as
schizophrenia were not yet recognized, the thought that these conditions were related
to the brain was there.
As time passed, several psychiatric theories developed and even crude treatments were
developed to treat individuals. Many of these treatments and theories for mental illness
were developed by Islamic medicine in the Middle East. One of the most notable
doctors of the 8th Century who was noted for his theories and treatments was the
physician Rhazes of the Baghdad Hospital.
At the start of the 20th Century, there were only about a dozen officially recognized
conditions, but by 1952 nearly 192 conditions were known and today the Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) lists 374.
This eBook is designed to provide you with a guide to various mental illnesses and to
assist you in understanding the various diagnosis and mental health problems that are
common today. You will also find many remedies to assist you in supporting individuals
who suffer from these conditions.


Chapter 1

Understanding Mental Illness and Diagnosis

Many people are confused by mental illness and many will claim that they simply do not exist, that the condition is caused by the person experiencing it. However, everyday there are counselors who are diagnosing people as having mental illness conditions and because of this it makes it difficult to determine whether or not a diagnosis is correct.
Also, because of this, there are many controversies surrounding these conditions. Mental health is essential for everyday life. Most people are able to go through life without any glitches in their mental process, but others seem to have constant interruptions. It is these interruptions that show us that there is something going wrong in the brain of these individuals and that there is an existing problem.

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We need to look at different diagnoses and symptoms to understand the interruptions that occur in the brain. For example, we should take bipolar depression as an example. This is one of the most common disorders diagnosed in today’s society. In fact, you probably know somebody with bipolar depression you just don’t know that they have it.
Bipolar is very common, but many people don’t fully understand the condition. Bipolar is a chemical imbalance in the brain. This means that the brain is denied of vital nutrients that it needs to maintain a stable mindset. The problem is that many people who are diagnosed with the condition do not have their full life experiences taken into consideration. We all experience stress, trauma and drama in our lives. However, not everybody deals with these stressors in the same manner as somebody else would and nobody should be expected to deal with these stressors in the same manner as someone else would. There is a process that takes place that brings on the condition of bipolar depression.

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The first thing that you must consider is that we all have “triggers.” These triggers are the stressful events that happen in life. Now, everybody deals with these differently.
Some people will respond negatively and others ignore. Those individuals who ignore these issues are often not hearing the messages in between. This is what separates the mentally ill mind from the “normal” mind. The mentally ill mind tends to absorb everything in life that is said. The hear it all and they let all of that process in their brains until it begins to cause confusion. The “normal” mind tends to only listen to what it wants to listen to and therefore they do not have these conflicting thoughts to cause the mental confusion. To better understand this process, it helps to also understand cognitive mental health disorders and how these are related to ………


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