Progress report has always been an important element of the academic episode for every student. It plays an essential role by advising the parents of the students concerning their progress in school. Subjectively, it presents as the comprehensive measure of a students’ success in the realm of academe. A report card generally encompasses a program of courses, school manners and other stance areas superseded by grade the student obtained in every extent.
Webster dictionary defines grading in education as the process of applying standardized measurements of varying levels achievement in a specific course. A grade has always been the mirror of the performance of student for every course accomplishment within a given term. It represents the result of performance evaluation of a student that depends on the criteria requirement set by a certain institution such as class participation, quizzes, and examinations. Grades are directly derived from scores a student earned which is normally presented in percentage, these scores are then transmuted either into letters or numbers using different cut off percentages that vary from institution to institution.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In essence, grading is an exercise in professional judgment on the part of lecturers. It involves the collection and evaluation of evidence on students’ achievement or performance over a specified period of time, such as twelve weeks, an academic semester, or entire school year. Through this process, various types of descriptive information and measures of students’ performance are converted into grades or marks that summarize students’ accomplishments.
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Although some educators distinguish between grades and marks, most consider these terms synonymous. Both imply a set of symbols, words, or numbers that are used to designate different levels of achievement or performance. They might be letter grades such as A, B, C, D, and F; symbols such as NA+, NA, and NA-, descriptive words such as Exemplary, Satisfactory, and Needs Improvement; or numerals such as 4, 3, 2, and 1. Reporting is the process by which these judgments are communicated to parents, students, or guardians.
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