The main purpose of this study is to assess the strategies to enhance teaching and learning of economics in senior secondary schools in Awgu local government Area of Enugu state. The researcher used descriptive survey design for the study. The population of the study consisted of 593 respondents, that is made up of 573 SSII students and 20 economics teachers in the 27 secondary school in Awgu local government Area.10 secondary schools out of the 27 were sampled for the study and a sample size of 220 respondents were selected using random sampling technique. Three research questions rated on four scale were answered. The instrument was face validated by the project supervisor in the department of Art and Social Science education, programme Economics Education, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu. The questionnaire was administered to the students and teachers and collected by the researcher. Mean and standard deviation was used to analyse the data collected. The result revealed that there are some basic strategies that could be adopted in order to improve the teaching and learning of economics in secondary school in Awgu local government area of Enugu State. It reveals that teaching of economics should be provided with adequate instructional materials and adequate qualified teachers with adequate techniques in teaching and learning of economics. Most teachers do not have qualification and lack competence to use the available materials and strategies. The recommendations   includes that more economics teachers should be trained to enable students have relevant qualification and skill in learning economics. Instructional materials should be sufficient and funds should be made available to obtain these materials, government should equip the school library with sufficient economics textbooks to make teaching and learning more suitable.



 Title                                                                                                  ii

Approval                                                                                          iii

Certification                                                                                      iv

Dedication                                                                                         v

Acknowledgments                                                                                      vi

Abstract                                                                                            vii

Table of contents                                                                              viii


CHAPTER one: Introduction

Background of the Study                                                                            1

Statement of the Problem                                                                           7

Purpose of the Study                                                                        8

Significant of the Study                                                                    9

Scope of the Study                                                                                     10

Definitions of terms                                                                          10

Research Questions                                                                           11


CHAPTER TWO: Review of Literature

Conceptual Frame Work                                                                  12

Theoretical framework                                                                      29

Empirical Review                                                                              33

Summary of Literature Review                                                                   44


CHAPTER THREE:  Research method

Research Design                                                                              38

Area of the Study                                                                                       38

Population of the Study                                                                             39

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                      39

Instruments for Data Collection                                                        39

Validation of the Instruments                                                           39

Reliability of Instruments                                                                 39

Method of Data Collection                                                                40

Methods of Data Analysis                                                                40



Analysis of data and results                                                              42


CHAPTER FIVE: Discussion of Result, Recommendation, Conclusion and Summary

Discussion of the result                                                                     46

Conclusion                                                                                        48

Implication of the study                                                                             49

Recommendation                                                                              50

Limitation                                                                                         51

Suggestion for further studies                                                           52

Summary of the study                                                                      53

Reference                                                                                          54

Appendices                                                                                        57

Questionnaire                                                                                   59     




 Background of the study

One of the fundamental rights for every human being is education.  Education prepares the individual for changes in life.

Consequently Gujjar, Khan, Baig, Ramzan, and Saifi (2010) opined that education does not only deliver information but for developing complete personality of the child.

In Nigeria there are three levels of education; primary, secondary, tertiary level. Secondary education is the level between primary and tertiary education.  It equally prepares students to be productive members of the society (Jegede and Owolabi, 2003).  In developed countries, secondary school is seen as the gateway to providing not only citizens but also a capable workforce.

According to the world bank in etim (2006), secondary education is now being recognized as the cornerstone of educational system in the 21st century.  It is therefore means that quality secondary education is indispensible in creating a bright future for individuals and nations alike.

Economics is one of the subjects in secondary schools.  It is an important subject that is being taught in the secondary schools. Economics is important both to the students and the society at large because it cuts across all spheres of human endeavors.

Professor lord Robbins, 1932 defined economics as a science that studies human behaviors as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.  The above definition is widely accepted by the generality of economics and the main fundamental problems of man wants, scarcity, choice, exchange and opportunity cost.

Economics according to Horny, 1973, is the study of production and distribution of money and goods of a country.  It is the study of how the people of the society choose to use their limited resources like land, capital, labor, goods and technical knowledge to provide various goods and services for the consumption of the people in the society.

Economics is relevant to the field of science and art.  It enables the individual to think in the sense that he or she is able to apply its principles to solve practical problems and avoid unnecessary cost mistakes; it enables the individual to understand better relationship between himself and his fellow human beings in his effort to make a living.

Notwithstanding, it has been observed that there are many problems militating against teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools as enumerated by many writers on problems of economics in Nigeria.




This chapter of the review of related literature deals under the following: conceptual framework, theoretical framework, empirical framework, summary of related literature.

Conceptual framework

  • Concept of economics
  • Concept of teaching and learning of economics
  • Concept of strategies
  • Factors enhancing effective teaching and learning  of economics

Theoretical framework

  • social learning theory (SLT)
  • constructive learning theory
  • two factor theory

Empirical studies

Summary of review of related literature

Concept of economics

The English term ‘Economics’ is derived from the Greek word ‘Oikonomia’. Its meaning is ‘household management’. Economics was first read in ancient Greece. Aristotle, the Greek Philosopher termed Economics as a science of ‘household management’. But with the change of time and progress of civilization, the economic condition of man changes. As a result, an evolutionary change in the definition of Economics is noticed. Towards the end of the eighteenth century Adam Smith, the celebrated English Economist and the father of Economics, termed Economics as the ‘Science of Wealth’. According to him, “Economics is a science that enquires into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations”.

In other words, how wealth is produced and how it is used, are the subject-matter of economics. In the subsequent period Alfred Marshall defined Economics by saying, ‘Economics is a study mankind in the ordinary business of life’. In other words, according to Marshall, Economics studies not only the wealth but also the activities centering the wealth. In modern times more realistic definitions have been given to economics. In social life human wants are unlimited, but the means to satisfy those wants are scarce. Economics studies how to use the limited resources to satisfy the unlimited wants of men. In the words of Lionel Robins, the modern economist, Economics is a science which studies human behavior as relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternatives



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